Eye Inflammation can affect different parts of your eyes. There are several conditions that can cause eye inflammation, including those inside the eye like uveitis and episcleritis,
and around the eye such as blepharitis.
Each condition has specific symptoms, causes and treatments. They range from the mild and easily treatable, to those that can cause permanent damage to the eyes and vision. So, if you are suffering from any kind of inflammation, pain, or discomfort in your eyes, it’s important to see your optometrist right away. We can diagnose your problem
and recommend the right treatment.
There are several types of uveitis. The type of uveitis you have depends on the part of your eye that’s affected.⁷ ⁸ Iritis or anterior uveitis is the most common type of uveitis. It affects the front of your eye. Iritis symptoms include redness, pain and can come on quickly.
Intermediate uveitis affects the retina, blood vessels behind the lens and the gel-like fluid that fills the eye. It can cause floaters and blurred vision.
Posterior uveitis affects the back of your eye and can cause more serious vision problems.⁹
Diffuse uveitis or panuveitis affects all the layers of your eye from the front to the back.
If you are diagnosed with uveitis, your optometrist will suggest treatment depending on the type and cause. Medicine is the most common treatment, usually steroids
(eye drops, pills or injections). In rare, serious cases, your ophthalmologist
will recommend surgery.
If the uveitis is caused by an underlying infection, that may also need to be treated. You could be given antivirals, antibiotics, or antifungal medicine. For some people, immunosuppressants may be prescribed to help control your immune system.
Episcleritis often goes away by itself, so treatment isn’t always
necessary. Topical or inflammatory medicines may be prescribed by
your optometrist to help with pain or in recurring cases.
There isn’t a cure, but if you suffer from eyelid inflammation your optometrist may suggest options to help ease the symptoms such as:
- Daily eyelid-cleaning routine: This is the most important and
effective way to reduce the intensity and frequency of symptoms even if you don’t currently have an infection
- Over-the counter treatments: Medicated eyelid washes can help clear up and prevent infections ¹⁴
- Antibiotic ointment or drops: In more serious cases of blepharitis, antibiotics might be necessary
If you would like to learn more about uveitis including iritis,
episcleritis, blepharitis or other eye inflammation conditions,
please head over to the NHS website.